Tank Storage & Carriage Company, Ltd.

Manufacturer: Maddock Pottery Co.
User: The Tank Storage & Carriage Company, Ltd.
Date: 1912-1924
Notes: When the Standard Oil Company was formed in 1870, the policy was to acquire refineries. After a loose alliance with other major oil businesses in the mid-1870s, about 90% of the refineries in America were under their control by the end of the decade. Storage and marketing were the next priorities, and around 1886 an interest was shown in the production of crude oil. In 1882, the collective of companies formed the Standard Oil Trust and the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey. However, the Trust -- consisting of nine trustees and controlling interests in various States, subject to many differing laws -- was not considered legal as a corporate body. In 1892, the Trust was found illegal by the Ohio Supreme Court and was later dissolved; its interests were then placed under the Standard Oil Company (New Jersey).

In 1911, the United States Supreme Court determined that the Sherman Anti-Trust Law of 1880 was being violated, and with the dissolution and reorganization of 1912, over thirty subsidiary organizations became independent.

In 1902, in Britain, shares of the Tank Storage and Carriage Company were acquired by the Anglo-American on liquidation of the Kerosene Company. Five years later the Anglo-American acquired all of the assets of the Tank Storage and Carriage Company. It was to the Tank Storage and Carriage Company, whose offices were at 7 Gracechurch Street, London, that Anglo-American transferred their ships, the effective date of transfer of eleven steam tankers being February 21, 1912. Six sailing ships were also transferred and later, three more steam tankers. A number of ships on order by Anglo-American were delivered from their builders to the Tank Storage and Carriage Company Ltd.

American Indian tribe names such as Dakotah, Cuyahoga, Schuylkill, Seminole, Wabasha, Satanta, Sequoya, Samoset, Tecumseh and others were given as names of the steam tankers. In 1916, ships of the Tank Storage fleet were transferred to the Standard Transportation Company Ltd., Hong Kong, a subsidiary of the Standard Oil Company of New York (Socony).

Source: Auke Visser's Esso UK Tanker's site

Trenton China white body with green pinstripe border. Circular topmark with a Native American in brown, gray, and olive green feathered headdress. Olive green lettering reading The Tank Storage & Carriage Company Ltd., London around the outside of the circle.




Photos and ID submitted by jerseygirl

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